The Garden has an herb border, and Charlotte Ortisi was kind enough to share this with
Feverfew: Leaf Infused as a mild sedative,
A tonic for the appetite
To relieve muscle spasms
Most known for migraines and arthritis relief
Calendula: Leaf: Add to salads and stews
Petals: Add to creams and bath for cleansing, healing and softening the skin
As a soothing antiseptic
Culinary recipes; rice, fish, omelettes, cakes and sweet breads
As a dye (in Europe to color butter)
Thyme: Leaf: Tea for a digestive tonic, sweeten with honey for coughs, colds, and sore throats
Essential oils - massage for headaches
Antiseptic air spray
May relieve insomnia, poor capillary circulation, muscle pain,
To resist infections
Plantain: common & ribwort:
Leaf: Poultice - first aid for bee stings and slow-healing wounds, burns
Stimulates blood in a bath
As a facial steam
Rinse for dark hair
Boil 2 cups water and a handful of leaf for 10 minutes for antiseptic solution for bathroom
Good for aching joints and rheumatic pains
Antiseptic gargle, mouthwash
Garden Rue Leaf
Use under strict supervison
Do not use while pregnant
Can irritate some skin
Small amounts give unusual muskiness to cream cheese, egg and fish dishes
To bathe tired eyes
Compresses for wounds and skin conditions
Tonic for extra iron and mineral salts
Uses in jams, vinegars, stews, nosegays, potpourris.
Final rinse water for linens, hair.
Protects against moths, rub on skin to deter flies
Latin lavare, to wash, popular strewing herb
Oil calming, soothing, antiseptic (Do not use while pregnant)
Deters moths and other insects; drawers, under carpets, around books, in closets
Dry for potpourri ( DO NOT TAKE INTERNALLY)
Flower Dried for yellow button shape
Known as lavender cotton, in daisy family
Lemon Balm Leaf
Good for depression, tension, has calming effect, for digestive upsets when worried or anxious.
Cooling, refreshing tea
Externally: on sores or painful swelling
Melissa greek for honey bee, same properties as honey and royal jelly (tonic & healing)
"Comforteth the hart and driveth away all sadnesse"
Elixir of youth in medieval times
"Balm is sovereign for the brain, strengthening the Memory and powerfully chasing away melancholly."
John Evelyn, 1679
Tea for colic, invigorating tonic
Cools fevers, promotes sweating
Fresh in a poultice for bruises
Cats love scent
Violas Flowers and leaf, known as sweet violets and heartsease
Homer relates how Greeks use herb to 'moderate anger'
Once used in love potions (heartsease name)
Foxglove Leaf - Digitalis
Poisonous - powerful heart medicine
flower - medicine
Sage (Salvia from latin 'salvere' to be in good health, to cure, to save.)
Flower - Salads
Leaf - Cooking, of course, vinegars, butters, whole leaf dipped in batter and fried, young leaves in cream sauce
Dried, deters insects in linen closets
Sage smoke deodorizes
Aids digestion, is antiseptic, antifungal, & contains estrogen. Avoid large doses especially while pregnant.
Lemon Verbena Leaf
Has clean, sharp, lemony fragrance. Strongest of all lemon scents
Use for teas, lotions, potporris, floral vinegars to softens skin, to scent candles, inks, and paper.
Mildly sedative tea to soothe bronchial and nasal congestion, to reduce indigestion, nausea
Prolonged, large doses may cause stomach irritation.
Oregano, Sweet Marjoram, many varieties, mint family (Greeks-oros ganos,' joy of the mountain' because of sweet scent)
Leaf Culinary -
Tea for relaxing bath, hair conditioner
Flower Tea for colds, headaches, nervous disorders
Oil compress for rheumatic pains and tension, coughs, irritability, general exhaustion, seasick-ness.
Antiseptic poultice for swelling-stiff neck.
Culinary-salads, soups, etc.
Deterrent for aphids, apple scab, and mildew
Mild antibiotic, stimulate appetite, promote digestion.
Flower Salads, bug repellent.
Lamb's Ear Leaf
Known as woundwort - dressing to stop bleeding
may be eaten raw or steamed as greens
dried for refreshing tea, harvest before flower.
One leaf per wheelbarrow load of debris speeds decomposition
potent healer-staunches blood flow, induces perspiration, cleanses system, for a cold,
To eat raw, chop finely and add to a salad.
Root secretions activate disease resistance of nearby plants.
Druids used yarrow to divine the weather - In China the stems were use for the I Ching
Extended use may make skin sensitive to light.
Used for a refreshing tea, in cooking for potatoes, peas, sauces, vinegars, syrups, with chocolate, fruit salads, drinks
Aids digestion, colds, flu.
Use pennyroyal sparingly.
Flower E. purpurea & E. augustifolia - latter most potent
Root - antiviral, antifungal & antibacterial.
Native Americans used it for colds, flu, fevers, snake bite, & old stubborn wounds, also used in AIDS therapy.
Yellow dock Root
Strong laxative, promotes bile flow, used to treat psoriasis, - action is cleansing
Nice yellow dye.
Salad burnet Leaf
Used young, has cucumber flavor; use in salads, butters, soft cheeses, creamy soups, vinegars, salad dressings
Cooling effect to a summer drink
High in vitamin C.
Comfrey Leaf ('Knitbone)
Contains allantoin, encourages bone cartilage and muscle cells to grow- crush leaf and apply to injured limb, absorbed through the skin. Take internally only in moderation.
Use fresh leaf poultice for aching joints, sores, burns, cuts, sprains, rough skin.
Soak leaf for 4 weeks to make high potash fertilizer for tomatoes and potatoes.
Wilt leaf for 48 hours for mulch.
Tap root 10 foot or longer - makes golden brown dye.
Sheep sorrel Leaf
Called sour dock.
Good salad herb.
Has oxalis acid like spinach.
Pure blue flowers have been added to salads since Elizabethan times to "maketh the mind glad", added to wine to "maketh men merrie" and "to comforte the heart, dispel meloncoly, and give courage".
Homer liked an herb wine that brought absolute forgetfulness.
Young leaf chopped in salads, yogurts, soft cheese, pickles and sandwiches for cucumber flavor, cook as spinach,
High in calcium, potassium, mineral salts.
Stimulates strawberries, may control tomato horn worm
Poultice soothes inflamation, bruises.
Fresh as poultice, first-aid; stops bleeding.
Cooling in over-heated conditions.
Soothe the eyes.
Chinese name, xia ku cao; they use it for the liver and gallbladder problems.
Gung-ho (gan hao) derived from chinese words for liver fire, associated with irritability, anger, over-excitability, high blood
pressure, headaches, eye problems and hyperactivity in children